Primary and Secondary Education in Uganda: Challenges and Prospects
Keywords:education system, education challenges, education prospects
The education system of Uganda has gone through a number of changes since the colonial period. After attaining her independence in 1962 from Britain, several commissions and committees were formed to look into the education system and recommendations from time to time were reached for purposes of ensuring the achievement of educational goals. The implementation of these recommendations has greatly influenced the education system’s implementation in Uganda. This paper provides a critical analysis of the educational challenges of the operating education system at the primary and secondary levels, and the policies under it with a view of highlighting the prospects. Lastly the writer makes recommendations and a conclusion.
Aguti, J. N., & Fraser, W. J. (2006). Integration of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the distance Bachelor of Education program, Makerere University Uganda. Turkish Online Journal of Distance 7(3) 89-104.
Altinyelken, H. K. (2010). Curriculum change in Uganda: Teacher perspectives on the new thematic curriculum. International Journal of Educational Development 30(2):151-161 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2009.03.004
Atim, T., Mazurana, D., & Marshak, A. (2019). Why northern Uganda’s girls and boys are not getting an education and what to do about it. United Kingdom: Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium. Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
Background to the Budget for Fiscal Year 2017/18 (Industrialization for Job Creation and Shared Prosperity).
Budget Framework Paper for Fiscal Year 2017/18. Cambridge Education for the NCDC, Kampala.
Bureau of African Affairs. (December 19, 2019). U.S. Relations with Uganda Bilateral Relations. Fact sheet.
Education and Sports Ministerial Policy Statement FY 2017/18.
Education for All. (2015). National Review Report: Uganda. EFA 2015 email@example.com
Education Sector Strategic Plan (ESSP) 2010-2015.
Farrell, G. (2007). Survey of ICT and education in Africa: Uganda country report. Retrieved from: www.infordev.org
Glennie, E., Bonneau, K., Vandellen, M., & Dodge, A. K. (2012). Addition by subtraction: The relation between dropout rates and school-level academic achievement. Teach Coll Rec, 114(8), 1-26.
Government White Paper (2002). Education Policy Review Commission Report on Education for National Integration and Development. Republic of Uganda, Kampala.
Ministry of Education and Sports. (2007). Policy and Operational Arrangements for Implementation of Universal Secondary Education. Kampala: MOES.
Ministry of Education and Sports. (2008). Report on the USE/UPPET Head count. Kampala: MOES.
Ministry of Education and Sports. (2015). Secondary Schools Survey. Kampala: MOES.
Ministry of Education and Sports. (2017). Education and Sports Sector Strategic Plan 2017/2018-2019/2020. Kampala: MOES.
Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development (2018). Education Sector Budget Framework Paper FY 2018/19 –FY 2022/23.
Nabugoomu, J. (2019). School dropout rate in rural Uganda: Stakeholders’ perceptions on contributing factors and solutions. Education Journal, 8(5), 185-195.
National Curriculum Development Centre (NCDC). (2013). Lower Secondary curriculum, assessment and examination reform programme. Kampala: Cambridge Education, NCDC.
National Education Policy Investigation (1992). Teacher Education: Report of the NEPI Teacher Education Group. A Project of the National Education Coordinating Committee. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.
Nguyen, M. C., & Wodon, Q. (2017). Impact of Child Marriage on Educational Attainment: Summary Findings for sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and South Asia. Education Global Practice. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Olupot, M. (2002). Museveni Extends UPE to Every Child, The New Vision, Kampala, 8 April.
Republic of Uganda. (1992), Government White paper on The Education Policy Review Commission Report on Education for National Integration and Development, Republic of Uganda, Kampala.
Republic of Uganda. (1995). Uganda’s Constitution with amendments through 2005. Constituteproject.org.
Republic of Uganda. (1997). The Local Government Act, (1997). Entebbe: Uganda Printing and Publishing Cooperation
Republic of Uganda. (2002). The Education Service Act, 2002. Entebbe: Uganda Printing and Publishing Cooperation
Republic of Uganda. (2008). The Education (Pre-Primary, Primary and Post Primary) Act, 2008. Entebbe: Uganda Printing and Publishing Cooperation.
Rukwengye, B. (2018). Youth for policy perspectives: Emphasise soft skills in Uganda’s education system to respond to the unemployment challenge. Kampala: Conrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.
Senteza, K. (1992). Government white paper on implementation of the recommendations of the report of the Education Policy Review Commission entitled “Education for integration and development”. Kampala: The Republic of Uganda.
Strategic Guidelines and Directives for the Minimum Program for Uganda to Attain the Middle-Income Status by 2020 by H.E. the President of the Republic of Uganda, 23rd June, 2016.
Teacher Initiatives in Sub-Saharan Africa-Uganda (TISSA). (2013). Teacher issues in Uganda. A shared vision for Effective Teachers Policy. Dakar: UNESCO-IIEP and Uganda Ministry of Education and Sports.
The Higher Education Students Finance Act (2014).
The Local Government Act (2019).
The National Curriculum Development Centre (NCDC) Act, 2000.
The Uganda National Examinations Board (UNEB) Act, 2021.
The Uganda Vision 2040.
United Nations. (2015). The Millennium Development Goals report 2015. Retrieved from: https://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/2015_MDG_Report/pdf/MDG%202015%20rev%20(July%201).pdf
United Nations. (2019). The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (Goal No. 4). Addressing sustainable development through economic empowerment. Niwot USA: Street Business School.
UNESCO. (2008). Challenges of implementing free day secondary education in Kenya. Experiences from districts. Nairobi: UNESCO.
UNESCO. (2012). The Dakar Framework for Action: Education for all, Meeting our Collective Commitments. Paris: UNESCO World Education Forum.
UNESCO. (2015) EFA Global Monitoring Report: Education for All 2000-2015.Achievements and Challenges. Paris: UNESCO.
UNESCO. (2017). Human rights education. Retrieved from: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/themes/leading-theinternational-agenda/human-rights-education/
World Bank Report. (2009). Education in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Bank Group.
World Bank Report. (2018). Africa Development Forum. Facing Forward: Schooling in Africa. World Bank Group.